There are several different bladder problems that a person can experience, like incontinence and an overactive bladder. One of the most common bladder-related problems is urinary tract infections (UTIs), which occurs when bacteria enter the urethra and travels to the bladder. If this infection spreads to the kidneys, it can result in even bigger complications, especially if it goes untreated.
Generally speaking, UTIs are easily treated, but the key is to get diagnosed and receive treatment as early as possible. This means recognizing the symptoms early on.
UTIs are most common among women, but some men may develop them as a result of the prostate or other problems.
Women are more susceptible to UTIs as a result of sexual activity, menopause, diabetes, surgery, older age, immobility, catheterization, or improper hygiene.
Symptoms of urinary tracts infections include cloudy or bloody urine, urine with a strong or foul odor, low-grade fever, pain or burning sensations while urinating, cramping of the lower abdomen, and a strong urge to urinate.
As mentioned, treatment is simply done with antibiotics and symptoms will subside within 48 hours. With a simple UTI, antibiotics may be taken for five days. For a more complicated UTI, such as one that occurs during pregnancy, antibiotics will be taken for longer. Even if you start to feel better, it’s important that you continue on with your treatment to ensure all the bacteria is killed off and your infection doesn’t come back right away.
Some women are prone to UTIs, so it’s important that you take the necessary steps to prevent them from occurring.
Prevention tips for a urinary tract infection include drinking plenty of fluids, urinating after sexual activity, practicing proper hygiene, not douching or using fragrant feminine products, taking showers rather than baths, avoiding tight-fitting pants, wearing cotton underwear, and avoiding fluids that irritate the bladder like caffeine or alcohol.