Pyelonephritis (kidney infection) caused by E. coli bacteria can increase the risk of kidney damage and sepsis. Pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) typically caused by E. coli bacteria. The bacteria can spread from the bladder or the urethra to either one or both of the kidneys.
Serious complications can arise if a kidney infection is not treated promptly like kidney damage and sepsis (blood poisoning).
There are two main types of kidney infections: Uncomplicated kidney infection and complicated kidney infection. Uncomplicated kidney infection is when a person is healthy and the risk of complications is highly unlikely. In complicated kidney infections a person is more likely to suffer from complications possibly due to a co-existing medical condition or illness.
As mentioned kidney infections can be caused by the bacteria E. coli. Other causes of kidney infections include:
Symptoms of a kidney infection include:
If a bladder infection coincides with a kidney infection symptoms may also include:
There are a slew of tests which a doctor can perform in order to properly diagnose a kidney infection including:
Kidney infections are commonly treated with antibiotics over the course of several weeks. Antibiotic treatment may first target common forms of bacteria but once urine culture comes back from the lab your doctor can prescribe more specific antibiotics based on the bacteria which is causing the infection.
If patients are severely ill intravenous fluids and hospital stays may be recommended along with antibiotic treatment in order to speed up recovery.