Research has found that thyroid disease can have significant implications on fertility and pregnancy and women presenting reproductive health issues should be screened for thyroid problems.
Thyroid hormones help control the metabolism and these same hormones also play a role in growth and development, in particular brain development. Therefore changes in the thyroid can contribute to problems in regards to reproduction prior, during and after conception.
Thyroid disease can either be an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). The recent review of literature explored both thyroid diseases and how they play a role in fertility and pregnancy complications.
The review uncovered that nearly 2.3 percent of women presenting fertility problems had hyperthyroidism. In hyperthyroidism menstrual cycles can become irregular and in hypothyroidism it can delay sexual maturity as well as lead to menstrual problems and lack of ovulation as an adult.
Complications as found in the study review from hyperthyroidism include preterm delivery, pre-clampsia, growth restriction, heart failure and stillbirth.
Women are more likely to develop thyroid diseases then men and it can affect their health in numerous ways including:
Thyroid disorders can commonly be mistaken for other ailments so it’s important to recognize the signs and symptoms of them. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism present different symptoms detailed below.
Cholesterol levels may also become affected which can increase the risk of heart disease.
A physical exam and presenting symptoms to a doctor can help them better diagnose a thyroid disease. There are specific tests your doctor can perform to check thyroid function which can determine proper mode of treatment.
A recent survey shows that many people with thyroid disease are unaware they have a thyroid problem. This is quite disconcerting as a hyperactive or a hypoactive (underactive) thyroid can cause a many health problems, including mood changes, infertility, weight gain or loss, and even skin conditions. In fact, in infants and children, an underactive thyroid can be fatal, which is why neonatal testing for thyroid deficiency is a must. Continue reading…
Grave’s disease increases the risk of hyperthyroidism and goiters. Grave’s disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism – a condition where the thyroid overproduces hormones that can have negative consequences on the body, such as speeding up the metabolism, sudden weight loss and an irregular heartbeat. Continue reading…