Arthrosis is a disease of the bone joint – basically the area where two bones meet to make a joint, such as the knee joint, for example. It is made up of cartilage and fibrous connective tissue. When the tissue and cartilage degenerate, it is known as arthrosis. Over time, cartilage degeneration results in the loss of free movement in the joint. Cartilage also ensures that bones do not rub together, but when it’s worn down, the bones get damaged, resulting in cracking, holes, or even ulcers formed on either end of the bone.
You may be more familiar with the other term for arthrosis – osteoarthritis. It is most common in older adults because cartilage wears down with age. Osteoarthritis can be a painful condition, but there are ways to reduce pain in order to increase mobility.
Over time, the cartilage that cushions the bones of the joint wears thin, causing bone-on-bone friction. This is what causes the pain experienced in osteoarthritis.
When cartilage gets damaged or destroyed, it cannot repair itself, so it’s important to partake in preventative measures to minimize the wear and tear of the cartilage.
Repetitive movements, insufficient physical activity levels, and being overweight are all contributing factors associated with arthrosis. These put extra stress on the joints, speeding up the wearing down of the cartilage.
Symptoms of arthrosis include:
Pain: Pain is experienced at the specific joint affected by arthrosis. Pain will vary, depending on the amount of cartilage remaining. The less cartilage is cushioning the bones, the more pain a person will experience. Unlike other types of arthritis where pain is often experienced at night or at rest, pain in arthrosis is often experienced during the day. Touching the skin above the painful joint will cause for pain as well. Swelling, however, is not often seen in arthrosis.
Stiffness: Stiffness may be experienced at its highest upon awakening or after a long period of rest. Even though initially movement will relief stiffness, it can lead to additional pain. As the disease progresses, so does stiffness.
Joint sounds: Patients may notice a cracking or popping sound when they move their affected joint. This is a result of insufficient cartilage which is intended to ensure smooth movements between the two bones. When there is not enough of cartilage, the bones touch and rub together, causing a sound.
Hardness: Bony outgrowths can develop and may be felt through the skin. Hardness is more commonly seen in the later stages of arthrosis.
Risk factors for arthrosis include being of older age, being female, being overweight or obese, having previous joint injuries, have joint deformities, working in an occupation that involves repetitive motion, having certain genes, and having a family history of arthrosis.
The treatment for arthrosis is all about pain relief, enabling the patient to lead a more comfortable and mobile life.
Treatment options include some of the following:
The following list offers various home remedies for easing osteoarthritis pain in the comfort of your home. The good news is, these lifestyle habits and natural remedies aren’t really associated with any unwanted side effects – unlike many medications used to treat joint pain.
Working with your doctor can help you develop an effective treatment plan for arthrosis in order for you to enjoy a normal life.