Zika virus 2016: Low risk of international Zika spread through travelers visiting Rio Olympics in Brazil

By: Dr. Victor Marchione | General Health | Wednesday, July 27, 2016 - 12:00 PM

Zika virus 2016: Low risk of international Zika spread through travelers visiting Rio Olympics in BrazilResearchers suggest travelers visiting Brazil for the 2016 Summer Olympics face a low risk of Zika virus. They estimate that three to 37 athletes at most among the thousands visiting Brazil for the Games will bring Zika virus to their home country.

Previously, the World Health Organization shared that travelers venturing to Brazil will not play a significant role in the international spread of Zika virus. On the other hand, 150 member of the international academic community suggested cancellation or relocation of the Games in order to prevent the spread of Zika virus. Some athletes have backed out of participating in the upcoming Olympics because of the Zika virus risk.

Lead author of the paper Joseph Lewnard said, “It’s important to understand the low degree of risk posed by the Olympics in the scheme of many other factors contributing to international Zika virus spread.”

Over half of the visitors to Rio are expected to return back to high-income countries where the risk of causing a local spread of the virus is low, according to the researchers.

Professor Albert Ko added, “The possibility that travelers returning from the Olympics may spread Zika has become a polemic issue that has led to athletes dropping out of the event, and without evidence, undue stigmatization of Brazil. This study provides data, which together with initial findings from Brazilian scientists, show that these concerns may be largely exaggerated.”

Rio is expecting over 500,000 visitors during the Olympics. At this time of the year, Brazil is actually in its winter season, so mosquito populations are on the decline.

WHO advice regarding the Olympics and Zika virus

The World Health Organization (WHO) made a statement back in May this year expressing their view that there was no point in moving or cancelling the Rio Summer Olympics as the Games posed little threat to international transmission of Zika virus. The WHO instead officered the following recommendations for those travelling to Brazil for the Olympics:

  • Follow the travel advice provided by your local health authorities and consult a health professional before travelling.
  • Whenever possible, during the day, protect yourself from mosquito bites by using insect repellents and by wearing clothing – preferably light colored – that covers as much of the body as possible.
  • Practice safer sex (for example, use condoms correctly and consistently) or abstain from sex during your stay and for at least eight weeks after return – especially, if you are experiencing symptoms of Zika.
  • Choose air-conditioned accommodation (where windows and doors are usually kept closed).
  • Avoid visiting areas in cities and towns with no piped water or poor sanitation (ideal breeding grounds of mosquitoes), where the risk of being bitten by mosquitoes is higher.

In the meantime, the WHO will offer health advice to Brazil along the way to help with any uprising issues that may occur.


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Sources:
http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2538663
http://news.yale.edu/2016/07/25/low-zika-risk-travelers-olympics-brazil-study-finds
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/zika-health-advice-olympics/en/


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