What are phobias?

By: Bel Marra Health | General Health | Saturday, August 08, 2015 - 04:35 PM

dv2074060We all have that one, or maybe two things that we are afraid of. Fear is a normal emotional response. Phobias, on the other hand, are far more intense than fear. This fear is often called irrational, and sometimes obsessive. It can affect a person so much that depending on the phobia, they may not even wish to leave their home.

There are a wide variety of phobias, some more severe than others. Phobias can be debilitating and control a person’s life. Unlike fear, phobias are linked with a slew of symptoms including anxiety, shortness of breath, accelerated heartbeat, upset stomach, chest pains and elevated blood pressure. The symptoms alone make it present almost like an illness or disease.

Difference between fear and phobia

Fears and phobias, although commonly mistaken as the same, are different. Here are some examples to explain the main differences between fear and phobias.

Fear Phobia
Anxiety linked with flying over an ocean Never going on vacation because you have to fly
Butterflies when peering down from tall heights Not taking a job located on the 12th floor
Feeling nervous when you see a large dog Not visiting parks because there are dogs present
Feeling queasy when getting a needle or drawing blood Not receiving common medical tests or visiting a doctor to avoid needles

 

As you can see, although fear may create uneasy feelings, you likely won’t let it hold you back. A phobia, on the other hand, will actually prevent an individual from partaking in tasks altogether.

Common types of phobias

There is a phobia for just about anything, but below is a list of the most common phobias.

  • Trypophobia – fear of holes or irregular circular patterns
  • Aerophobia – fear of flying
  • Mysophobia – fear of germs
  • Claustrophobia – fear of small spaces
  • Astraphobia – fear of thunder and lightning
  • Cynophobia – fear of dogs
  • Agoraphobia – fear of open or crowded spaces
  • Acrophobia – fear of heights
  • Ophidiophobia – fear of snakes
  • Arachnophobia – fear of spiders.

Causes of phobias

causes of phobiaSo what exactly causes immense fear that causes a phobia? Well for one, genetic and environmental factors may play a role. Having a relative with an anxiety disorder may be a potential cause of phobias. Phobias are also found among individuals who have experienced severe head trauma. Substance abuse and mental illness can also cause a phobia.

Ways to treat phobias

There are many different options that may be used in the treatment of phobias. Some may work independently and for others it may be most effective to combine a few treatments.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 Ways to treat phobiasOne way to treat phobias naturally is through therapy. A common form of therapy to treat phobias is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). In this type of therapy, the individual may be presented with their phobia in controlled settings. CBT works to desensitize the patient and help them overcome the phobia.

Medication

Another means of treatment for phobias is with medication. Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication may be prescribed to minimize the symptoms associated with phobias. Additionally, they may be used if the cause is from a mental illness.

Phobias can take over a person’s life. The first step is to recognize that you have a phobia that is preventing you from moving forward in life. Get help and take your life back.

Related Reading:

Scared of spiders? Why it’s good for your health

Some of us can’t handle the sight of insects; others are sensitive to smells. Whatever causes you fear or disgust is actually working to improve your health. In fact, every time you recoil in disgust, you’re actively using your behavioral immune system. Continue reading…

What your fear of needles is doing to you

A fear of needles is a surprisingly common fear affecting approximately 21 percent of the American population and it is estimated that 10 percent of the worldwide population has a debilitating phobia to needles. It’s one thing to dislike needless, most sane people probably share this common distaste, however it is another thing altogether to have an irrationally intense fear of needles. Continue reading…

Sources:
http://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/phobias-and-fears.htm
http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/tc/phobias-topic-overview
http://www.healthline.com/health/phobia-simple-specific#Types3
http://www.fearof.net/top-10-phobias-of-all-time/


Popular Stories

Cart Items

Checkout