Gastritis diet: Foods to eat and avoid, dietary plan and recommendations

By: Emily Lunardo | Diets | Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - 03:00 PM

Gastritis dietGastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining primarily caused by H.pylori bacteria (although it may have other causes as well). Depending on your typical diet, your gastritis may improve or worsen, or even progress to stomach ulcers. That’s why following a gastritis diet is so important to make sure your condition improves rather than aggravate.

Symptoms of gastritis include bloating, feeling of fullness, and pain. In order to reduce your symptoms, you will want to follow a gastritis-friendly diet and also be aware of the foods that can worsen your condition. Below are the foods to enjoy along with the foods to avoid when treating and living with gastritis.

Gastritis diet: Foods to limit or avoid

Each person affected by gastritis will react to foods differently, so not all foods on the below list may apply to you. It is worth a shot, though, to try and limit or avoid these items, as you may experience improvements in your condition.

Generally speaking, spicy foods, high fat foods, chocolate, and seasonings irritate the stomach and often trigger the gastritis symptoms. Here is a list of foods you should limit or avoid if you are living with gastritis.

  • Hot cocoa and cola
  • Whole milk and chocolate milk
  • Peppermint and spearmint tea
  • Regular and decaf coffee
  • Green and black tea, with or without caffeine
  • Drinks that contain alcohol
  • Orange and grapefruit juices
  • Black and red pepper
  • Garlic powder
  • Chili powder
  • Dairy foods made from whole milk or cream
  • Spicy or strongly flavored cheeses, such as jalapeno or black pepper
  • Highly seasoned, high-fat meats, such as sausage, salami, bacon, ham, and cold cuts
  • Hot peppers, chili peppers
  • Onions and garlic
  • Tomato products, such as tomato paste, tomato sauce, or tomato juice

vegetablesGastritis diet: Foods to eat

The foods you should eat with gastritis are also the foods that should always be included in any healthy eating diet. These are whole foods that provide nutrients and can support overall health. Some foods you should eat with gastritis are leafy greens, low-fat proteins, foods containing flavonoids like brightly colored fruits and vegetables, and foods rich in fiber. Don’t forget to drink plenty of water and consume yogurt or a probiotic supplement.

Other considerations for gastritis diet

In addition to avoiding trigger foods and consuming gastritis-friendly items, there are other considerations to keep in mind when dealing with gastritis. For example, you should avoid eating meals prior to bed. Rather than eating a few large meals, you should consume smaller ones more frequently.

Lifestyle changes can help your gastritis as well, like quitting smoking, reducing stress, limiting or avoiding nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reducing your risk of H.pylori by practicing proper hygiene and safe food preparation techniques, and cutting out chewing gum as it increases gastric acid secretion. These factors can worsen your condition and prompt gastritis to progress to ulcers.

Gastritis diet plan

Here is a diet plan to help you structure your daily meals.

Beverages: Drink six to eight glasses of water daily and steer clear of the above mentioned beverages that may cause further irritation.

Breads and starches: You can consume six to 10 servings of the following breads and starches:

1/2 cup cooked pasta, noodles, or macaroni

  • 1/2 cup cooked rice or cream of rice
  • 1/2 cup cream of wheat or oatmeal
  • 3/4 cup dry cereal
  • 1/2 cup mashed potatoes
  • 1 medium roll or bun
  • 1 slice bread
  • 6 saltine crackers

1/2 cup cooked pasta, noodles, or macaroni

  • 1/2 cup cooked rice or cream of rice
  • 1/2 cup cream of wheat or oatmeal
  • 3/4 cup dry cereal
  • 1/2 cup mashed potatoes
  • 1 medium roll or bun
  • 1 slice bread
  • 6 saltine crackers
  • ½ cup of cooked pasta
  • ½ cup of cooked rice
  • ½ cup of cream of wheat or oatmeal
  • ¾ cup of dry cereal
  • ½ cup of mashed potatoes
  • 1 medium roll or bun
  • 1 slice of bread
  • 6 saltine crackers

Fruits: Consume two to four servings of the following fruits:

  • 1 medium apple, pear, peach, or orange
  • ½ cup of applesauce or canned fruit
  • 15 grapes
  • 1 kiwi
  • 1 ¼ cup of melon or berries
  • ½ cup of mild juices
  • 1 small banana

Vegetables: Consume two to four servings from the below list:

  • ½ cup of cooked vegetables
  • 1 cup fresh vegetables
  • 2 cups of green salad

Meat or meat substitutes: Eat two to four servings of the below list:

  • 1 cup of casserole from approved foods
  • ½ cup of low-fat cottage cheese
  • 2 tablespoons of peanut butter
  • 2 ounces of semi-hard low fat cheese
  • 2 scrambled or soft cooked eggs
  • 2 to 3 ounces of tender meat, fish, seafood, turkey, or chicken
  • 3 ounces of tofu

Milk and dairy: Eat two to three servings from the below list:

  • ½ cup of custard or pudding
  • ½ cup of low-fat ice cream or ice milk
  • 1 cup of low-fat milk or milk drink
  • 1 cup of low-fat yogurt

Soups: Eat up to three servings of one cup of broth or bouillon.

Fats: Consume two to four servings from the list below:

  • 1 teaspoon of butter or margarine
  • 1 teaspoon of oil
  • 1 tablespoon of salad dressing

Don’t forget to stay clear of the foods listed in the foods to avid section.

Diet tips for gastritis

Now that you are aware of the foods you can and cannot eat, as well as serving sizes, here are some additional tips to help you along the way:

  • Have regular meals, but don’t eat too often.
  • Milk and dairy should be limited to three servings or less.
  • Alcohol, black pepper, and chili powder should be completely avoided.
  • Caffeine increases stomach acid so caffeinated products should be limited or avoided.
  • High fiber foods are highly recommended.
  • Foods that cause gas should be avoided, including broccoli, cabbage, onions, milk, cooked beans and peas, and some fruits – listen to your body to see what is causing you discomfort.

Ways to prevent gastritis include eating slowly and chewing your food thoroughly, avoiding eating on a full stomach, and consuming smaller meals throughout the day.

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