Sinusitis vertigo and dizziness are complications of a sinus infection. Caused by bacteria, a virus, or fungus, sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses. The sinuses are four hollow cavities in the human skull and are important parts of the immune system as they provide defense against infection. The sinuses are lined with mucous, which expels pollutants and bacteria from the body.
It is common for the infection that causes colds to also affect the sinuses and can contribute to dizziness. The dizziness is a result of fluid build-up in the ears that puts pressure on the eardrum and inner ear. This affects the vestibular labyrinth, which is intended to gauge balance, thus causing dizziness or vertigo. If dizziness is severe it can lead to nausea as well.
If a sinus infection leads to dizziness, it is due to a more serious bacterial infection, which requires treatment from a doctor. Dizziness is not a normal symptom of sinusitis and can lead to injury.
Sinus infection symptoms
There are four types of sinus infection: acute sinusitis, subacute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis and recurrent sinusitis. These different types all range in severity and have varying duration times.
To determine whether or not you have a sinus infection, signs and symptoms to look out for are:
- Facial pain/pressure
- Nasal stiffness
- Nasal discharge – may be green or yellow depending on virus or bacteria
- Loss of smell
- Bad breath
- Dental pain
Sinus infection and dizziness treatment
To treat a sinus infection, it’s important to understand the underlying cause. A sinus infection can often pass on its own without the need for treatment, however, if dizziness is a symptom, then treatment is warranted.
If the cause of a sinus infection is bacterial, a doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Over the counter decongestants can also be useful to ease symptoms and clear up breathing.
Home remedies to treat sinus infection
There are at home remedies as well, which can ease a sinus infection and its corresponding symptoms. Home remedies for a sinus infection include:
- Taking a hot shower and inhaling steam through the nose
- Using a steam vaporizer
- Using topical medication with menthol on your chest
- Drinking plenty of fluids to thin out mucous
- Spicy foods to dissolve mucous
- Salt-water rinse through the nasal cavity
- Putting apple cider vinegar in hot water and drinking it like a tea
- Avoiding alcohol, smoke or dry air
These home remedies are effective ways to get your breathing healthy once again, along with reducing headaches, pressure and ridding yourself of mucous.