Scientists successfully slow aging

A joint study from Lomonosov Moscow State University and Stockholm University has discovered the role of the mitochondria in aging at the cellular level, and allowed scientists to slow this process.

Russian biologist and professor Vladimir Skulachev developed a compound known as artificial antioxidant SkQ1 that specifically targeted the mitochondria in genetically modified mice and slowed the rate at which they aged. These mice had a mutation introduced into their genomes that accelerates mutagenesis within the mitochondria and resulted in a more rapid rate of aging. The rodents in the study were found to live for less than one year, while the average lifespan of a normal mouse is over two years. Modified mice were also more prone to developing age-related diseases.

These mice were used to test the efficacy of artificial antioxidant SkQ1 on slowing the aging process at a cellular level. The genetically modified mice were split into two groups, with the first receiving doses of the compound in their drinking water once they reached 100 days old, and the second group drinking plain water. The protective effects of the compound were seen beginning when they reached between 200 and 250 days old, with the plain water group showing signs of age-related diseases such as weight loss, decreased body temperature, curved spines due to osteoporosis, thinner skin, hair loss, and limited mobility and oxygen consumption.

Scientists believe this damage is due to free radicals – the toxic byproducts produced by the mitochondria. Mice in the first group benefited from the protective properties of the compound and saw slower progression of these age-related traits, with some not developing at all.
Skulachev commented on the results of the study, stating, “This work is quite valuable from both theoretical and practical points of view. First, it clearly demonstrates the key role of mitochondrially produced reactive oxygen species in the process of aging of mammals. At the same time, our study opens the way to the treatment of aging with mitochondrially targeted antioxidants.”

The success of this study has spurred Skulachev on to develop pharmaceuticals utilizing his compound – the first of these products is already on shelves in Russia and has passed the second phase of clinical trials in the United States. With further trials and research, medications may soon be developed to prevent and slow the damage caused by age-related diseases.

Related: Essential oils for aging skin: Preventing & treating wrinkles naturally


Author Bio

Mohan Garikiparithi got his degree in medicine from Osmania University (University of Health Sciences). He practiced clinical medicine for over a decade before he shifted his focus to the field of health communications. During his active practice he served as the head of the Dept. of Microbiology in a diagnostic centre in India. On a three-year communications program in Germany, Mohan developed a keen interest in German Medicine (Homoeopathy), and other alternative systems of medicine. He now advocates treating different medical conditions without the use of traditional drugs. An ardent squash player, Mohan believes in the importance of fitness and wellness.

Advertisement

http://www.aging-us.com/article/101174/text

Related Reading:

Aging process slowed down by reduced calorie consumption

Sedentary lifestyle may accelerate biological aging: Study

Popular Stories