Gout occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream that causes uric acid crystals to form in the joints of the hands and feet. The most common area of the body to be affected by gout is the joints in the big toe. The condition is a form of arthritis, caused by the body’s immune response to the uric acid crystals in the joints.
The long-term effects of this immune response on the bones and joints affected by the uric acid crystals are still unclear, which is why a new study examined the presence of bone erosion in gout patients.
The researchers used ultrasounds to determine the extent of bone erosion in 980 patients suffering from gout. They calculated the prevalence and distribution of the erosion in the participants where it was present in order to understand further the factors influencing bone erosion in this population.
Of all the participants with gout, around 44 percent were found to have signs of bone erosion detectable through an ultrasound. The erosion was most commonly found in the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Metatarsophalangeal joints are those connecting the metatarsal bones in the foot and the proximal bones in the toes.
Around 79 percent of the patients with bone erosion had it in this area, which significantly differentiates gout patients from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, who most often suffer from bone erosion in the metacarpophalangeal joints (those connecting the finger bones to the hand bones).
The researchers noted that age, length of time a patient suffered from gout, the number of tophi present (uric acid crystals), joint effusion (increased fluid in a joint), and synovial hypertrophy (inflammation and thickening of the inner lining of the joint) all contributed to the formation of bone erosion in gout patients. Of all the patients with bone erosion, 51.5 percent had a single site of erosion, 32 percent had two erosion sites, and 6.7 percent had three.
Bone Erosion More Likely as We Age
This study was the first to find that age and length of time a patient suffered from gout affected bone erosion. Compared to participants less than 40 years old, those who were between the ages of 40 and 59 were 1.7 times more likely to have bone erosion, and those who were over 59 were 2.6 times more likely to have bone erosion.
They also found that the longer a patient suffered from gout, the more likely they were to have bone erosion. The factor with the most significant effect on bone erosion was the number of tophi a patient had, with the risk of bone erosion rising the more tophi were present.
The researchers concluded, “This study has shown that bone erosion is a common complication of gout. Age, duration of gout, tophi, synovial joint effusion were independently associated with bone erosion, shedding further light on the links between crystal deposition and joint damage in patients with gout.
These results suggest that an early diagnosis of gout, controlling the urate level and decreasing local urate crystal deposition may be the most effective way to prevent bone erosion in patients with gout.”
- How to treat gout naturally with essential oils
- 19 Natural remedies for gout pain relief
- 15 bone strengthening exercises for strong bones