Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the jaw, resulting in jaw pain. According to statistics, more than 17 percent of RA patients, including juvenile arthritis patients, can experience rheumatoid arthritis jaw pain, swelling, and limited movement of the jaw joint.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) which affects children can speed up or slow down the natural growth process of the bones on either side of the affected joint.
Parents of children suffering with juvenile RA have often wondered – How can you have rheumatoid arthritis in your jaw? – often seeking the second opinion.
Can rheumatoid arthritis affect your jaw?
The answer is, yes!
The jaw joint can be impacted by rheumatoid arthritis much like it impacts other joints in the body with inflammation, bone erosion, and tissue damage.
Problems with the jaw joints are often referred to as temporomandibular joint dysfunction or temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Typically, the disorder can include:
Anti-inflammatory creams such as Feldene or Nurofen applied on the jaw can provide temporary relief. It’s not uncommon for TMJ patients to be referred to an orthodontist who will try to manage the condition with the help of various dental appliances, splints, physical therapies, and orthodontics. In addition to the above, hot fomentations, ice packs, and mouth exercises can improve prognosis, as can a variety of self-help strategies.
There are two simple exercises that may be useful for TMJ patients or people with TMD. But you must never do these exercises if the joint is inflamed. Wait till the inflammation settles down before embarking on these routines. Also, prior starting these exercises, make sure you first warm up your facial muscles for a few minutes with a warm compress.
There is also a ‘not to do’ list that can help people with TMJ relieve their pain and discomfort. Try avoiding the following activities:
The biggest problem with TMJ is the lack of officially accepted practices and research-based treatment options. As such, it is important for the patient to be able to assess prognosis and switch treatments if necessary. Remember, what works for one may not work for another. So stick with whatever treatment suits you best.