For years, heart attack risk factors have been studied in adults of all ages. However, a new Yale-led study has identified which risk factors are more likely to trigger a heart attack or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in men and women 55 years and younger. The study, which was published in the journal AMA Network Open, looked at data from nearly 5,000 adults, with half of the participants having experienced an AMI.
Researchers discovered significant sex differences in the risk factors associated with heart attacks. Seven risk factors, including diabetes, depression, high blood pressure, smoking, family history of AMI, low household income, and high cholesterol, were all associated with a greater risk of AMI in women. However, the highest associations were found to be with hypertension, diabetes, depression, and poverty. Among men, current smoking and family history of AMI were the leading risk factors.
These findings suggest that a sex-specific preventive strategy is needed to reduce the incidence of heart attacks in young adults. Some of the possible interventions that could be implemented include targeted screenings for hypertension and diabetes in women and educational campaigns on the signs and symptoms of heart attacks. In addition, more research is needed to identify the underlying mechanisms behind these sex differences to develop even more targeted and effective interventions.
The study’s lead author said, “In the past, we found that young women, but not older women, have a twice higher risk of dying after an AMI than similarly aged men. In this new study, we now identified significant differences in risk factor profiles and risk factor associations with AMI by sex.”
This study’s findings will help doctors better identify which patients are at a higher risk for heart attacks. This information is essential for younger patients, as they are often not considered to be at increased risk for heart attacks even though they may have several risk factors. By identifying these risk factors early on, doctors can take steps to prevent heart attacks.
Keeping A Healthy Heart
Lifestyle factors go a long way to help protect the heart and keep it strong and healthy. Getting plenty of exercise, eating right, and giving your body the proper vitamins and nutrients it needs to thrive is essential.
Heart Rescue was designed to help support and promote cardiovascular health using a variety of ingredients, including omega-3 fatty acids and CoQ10. The omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in cardiovascular function, while CoQ10 is involved in energy production at the cellular level.
These two heart superstars are supported by five other ingredients that can help to promote and support cardiovascular function as you age. This formula’s health benefits can help strengthen the heart muscle, support circulation, and help reduce the risk of heart disease.