Cardiovascular disease is regarded as the leading cause of mortality in countries across the globe. This disease may result in the development of a stroke, which may be debilitating if an individual is not given immediate medical attention. A stroke generally occurs when the heart health of an individual of an individual is not maintained, often resulting in elevated blood pressure for an extended period of time. It is thus essential for an individual to adapt cardiac care measures in order to improve heart health and prevent the risk for stroke.
For several decades, stroke has been considered as a condition that commonly afflicts the elderly. However, recent research efforts have shown that the occurrence of stroke may also be associated with other age groups. According to a recent medical report published in the journal Stroke Research and Treatment, certain risk factors may increase the incidence of stroke in the general public. Using a study population consisting of approximately 1,027 stroke patients, the proponents of the study examined the features of the study participants, including age, gender, and other diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. This research design allowed the investigators to directly determine specific risk factors that may influence the development of stroke.
The study population classified the patients according to age groups, namely young adults, who were below 50 years of age, middle-aged, or those who were within the age range of 50–80 years old, and very old, or those individuals who were 80 years old and above. Each group of study participants was then examined in terms of the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and gender.
The results of the study showed the male participants experience a cerebrovascular incident or stroke at a younger age than female participants. In addition, young adults were more active in drinking and smoking, as compared to the middle-aged and very old age groups. When all these variables are factored in, the analysis showed that the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases might be higher among young adults if they are engaged in heavy drinking and smoking. It is thus important to monitor the heart health of individuals even during young adult ages because this may provide information on whether cardiac care measures need to be adapted by an individual.
This recent medical report provides helpful information in understanding how heart health can be improved even during younger adult years. The findings in the study also show that cardiac care may prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, especially during the aging process. The report showed that despite the advanced age of the other study participants, the risk for cardiovascular disease might be lower if they are leading a healthy lifestyle that includes eating fruits and vegetables and avoiding alcohol beverages and smoking. On the other hand, the heart health of a young adult might be of less quality if he or she is frequently drinking huge amounts of alcoholic beverages. Coupling heaving drinking with smoking may also further facilitate in the deterioration of heart health.
Physicians and health-focused government agencies have actively campaigned for healthy lifestyles, including regular exercise and the consumption of nutritious food items. These efforts may serve as cardiac care measures that may result in a healthy body. Following a healthy lifestyle may also decrease the incidence of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, which is generally considered as a preventable and lifestyle disease. Consumption of fruits and vegetables may increase the amount of vitamins and minerals that enter the body, as well as serve as a source for antioxidants that help in the repair of damaged tissues.