Pregnant Women Have a Greater Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Happy middle aged pregnant woman at home looking outside the window with hope. Mid black pregnant woman standing near window at home and thinking about her future family. Smiling african american lady with hands on belly imagine the growth of his baby.Pregnancy is a time of great joy for many women, but it also comes with several health risks, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is a term used for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. It can result in chronic inflammation of the gut, leading to severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. While pregnant women are at an increased risk for IBD, there are steps they can take to mitigate the effects this condition can have on them and their unborn child. Read on to learn more.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) tends to affect women during their peak fertility period, so researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine set out to find the impact it may have on maternal and fetal outcomes.


Researchers reviewed more than 8 million pregnancies for the study between 2016 and 2018. There were a total of 14,129 women who had IBD. It was found that pregnant women with IBD had a higher incidence of gestational diabetes, hypertensive complications, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and fetal death. It was also noted that pregnant women with IBD also had longer hospital stays after delivering and averaged an additional half-day length of stay. They also faced more than $2,700 in associated medical costs.

“IBD is an incurable disease, and its relapsing and remitting nature is stressful for the estimated 3 million U.S. men and women diagnosed,” said senior author Yezaz Ghouri, MD. “Because this disease tends to affect women during their peak fertility period, we wanted to know the impact of IBD on maternal and fetal outcomes. To our knowledge, this study is the most comprehensive of its kind, using data from multiple institutions in 48 states.”

While more research is needed to understand the relationship between pregnancy and inflammatory bowel disease fully, this study helps to understand the disease’s effects during pregnancy. For those trying to get pregnant, health care experts recommend getting symptoms of IBD under control as much as possible beforehand through dietary and lifestyle changes.

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Author Bio

Sarah began her interest in nutritional healing at an early age. After going through health problems and becoming frustrated with the conventional ways doctors wanted to treat her illness (which were not working), she took it upon herself to find alternative treatments. This led her to revolutionize her own diet to help her get healthier and tackle her health problems. She began treating her illness by living a more balanced lifestyle through healthy food choices, exercise and other alternative medicine such as meditation. This total positive lifestyle change led her to earn a diploma in Nutritional Therapy from Health Sciences Academy in London, England. Today, Sarah enjoys helping others by teaching healthy lifestyle changes through her personal consultations and with her regular contributions to the Doctors Health Press. Also, passionate about following her dreams in life, Sarah moved to France and lived in Paris for over 5 years where she earned a certification in beadwork and embroidery from Lesage (an atelier owned by Chanel). She then went on to be a familiar face sitting front row and reporting from Paris Fashion Week. Sarah continues to practice some of the cultural ways of life she learned while in Europe. They enjoy their food, and take the time to relax and enjoy many of life’s little moments. These are life lessons she is glad to have brought back home with her.