Human heart with blocked arteries. 3d illustration

Over 40% Of Adults with No Known Heart Disease Had Fat Deposits in the Heart Arteries

According to a new study published in the American Heart Association’s journal, Circulation, more than 40% of adults without known heart disease were found to have fat deposits in the heart arteries.

Fat in the heart arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, is known to be a major cause of heart attack. People who are at risk for heart disease are generally screened using cardiac computed tomography, commonly known as a cardiac CT scan for coronary artery calcification (CAC). The scan creates cross-sectional images of the vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle to determine the density of calcium-containing plaque in the coronary arteries, finding evidence of coronary artery disease.

However, this scan can often miss a percentage of people who are at risk for heart attack even though they’re not showing a significant amount of plaque.

“Measuring the amount of calcification is important, yet it does not give information about non-calcified atherosclerosis, which also increases heart attack risk,” said study author Göran Bergström, M.D., Ph.D.

For the study, researchers randomly recruited participants aged 50 to 64 years old from the Swedish census register from 2013 to 2018. All participants were part of the Swedish CardioPulmonary BioImage Study (SCAPIS). The information included data from 25,182 participants who had no history of heart attack or cardiac intervention and who had CAC scans and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) scans.

CCTA is a radiologic technique that can provide a detailed image of the inside of the arteries that supply the heart with blood. The researchers used this technique to determine the prevalence of atherosclerosis in the general population.

By the conclusion of the study, researchers found some degree of fat deposits in the heart arteries in more than 42% of the participants. The CCTA scans found that in 5.2% of participants with atherosclerosis, the buildup obstructed blood flow through at least one coronary artery was by 50% or more.

Atherosclerosis Started an average of 10 years later in women compared to men and was 1.8 times more common in people age 60 to 64 versus those aged 50 to 54.

“It is important to know that silent coronary atherosclerosis is common among middle-aged adults, and it increases sharply with sex, age and risk factors,” according to Bergström. “A high CAC score means there is a high likelihood of having obstruction of the coronary arteries. However, more importantly, a zero CAC score does not exclude adults from having atherosclerosis, especially if they have many traditional risk factors of coronary disease.”

Limitations of the Study

More research is needed to clarify the limitations of the study, including information on how cardiovascular heart disease can develop in this population. It is also unknown if these findings can help to predict heart disease in people with fatty deposits in their arteries.

Author Bio

Sarah began her interest in nutritional healing at an early age. After going through health problems and becoming frustrated with the conventional ways doctors wanted to treat her illness (which were not working), she took it upon herself to find alternative treatments. This led her to revolutionize her own diet to help her get healthier and tackle her health problems. She began treating her illness by living a more balanced lifestyle through healthy food choices, exercise and other alternative medicine such as meditation. This total positive lifestyle change led her to earn a diploma in Nutritional Therapy from Health Sciences Academy in London, England. Today, Sarah enjoys helping others by teaching healthy lifestyle changes through her personal consultations and with her regular contributions to the Doctors Health Press. Also, passionate about following her dreams in life, Sarah moved to France and lived in Paris for over 5 years where she earned a certification in beadwork and embroidery from Lesage (an atelier owned by Chanel). She then went on to be a familiar face sitting front row and reporting from Paris Fashion Week. Sarah continues to practice some of the cultural ways of life she learned while in Europe. They enjoy their food, and take the time to relax and enjoy many of life’s little moments. These are life lessons she is glad to have brought back home with her.

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https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-adults-heart-disease-fatty-deposits.html
https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/about-cholesterol/atherosclerosis

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