Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in older people. About 11 million Americans have it, and it can lead to blindness in its later stages.
AMD is preventable and treatable; however, one type might be a little more straightforward than the other. The condition is broken down into two categories: wet and dry. You may even be able to prevent dry AMD with a healthy, nutrient-dense diet high in colorful fruit and vegetables.
Treating wet AMD can be more complicated. It is currently treated with monthly or bi-monthly injections, which are both inconvenient and unlikely to be adhered to, according to some experts.
New treatments, however, may be on the horizon.
New research into such treatments is showing positive results. The findings may increase accessibility and adherence to wet AMD treatment.
Researchers are looking at two drugs that target a part of the immune system associated with AMD. Treatment would involve injections in the eye to restore the functionality of cells on an annual or semi-annual basis.
The results of the trial are expected in the next 12 months.
In the meantime, do your best to maintain vision and reduce the risk of AMD by taking care of your eyes. This includes doing things like eating a nutritious diet.
There are nutrients found in a variety of fruits and vegetables, most notably in those with bright colors. Bright greens, orange, red, and purples will help you get the eye nutrition you need.
Making visits to the eye doctor regularly can also help you stay on top of eye health and any potential risks for vision loss. And as always, practice a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise, moderate alcohol consumption, nonsmoking, and a diet low in processed food.