Heart failure risk lowered and prevented with diabetes drug: Study

Heart failure risk lowered and prevented with diabetes drug

A new study has shown that a diabetes drug can lower the risk of heart failure and possibly prevent it altogether. The findings came from a large clinical trial known as EMPA-REG OUTCOME and were presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Session 2015 in Orlando, FL.

Heart failure is commonly seen in patients with type 2 diabetes. There are limited treatments for heart failure, and previous treatment methods to treat heart failure in diabetics revealed no benefits. Now researchers have found a new diabetes drug – known as SGLT2 inhibitors – can reduce blood sugar and may have the potential to improve heart health.

Participants in the clinical trial either received a daily-dose of the glucose-lowering drug empagliflozin or a placebo. The medication or placebo were given as a compliment to standard care.

At the end of the trial researchers found that those who received the glucose-lowering drug experienced drops in blood sugar, blood pressure and weight when compared to those who received the placebo. Hospitalizations due to heart failure, as well, were reduced by 35 percent.

Lead researcher, Dr. Silvio E. Inzucchi, said, “We found that reductions in the hospitalization outcomes were similar between the two subgroups. So, one conclusion that could be proposed is that the drug not only appeared to prevent deterioration in patients who already had heart failure but also appeared to prevent that condition from developing in patients who never had it before.”

The findings were published in The New England Journal of Medicine.


Source:
http://news.yale.edu/2015/11/09/research-news-diabetes-drug-reduces-risk-heart-failure-and-may-prevent-it-study-shows

Author Bio

Emily Lunardo studied medical sociology at York University with a strong focus on the social determinants of health and mental illness. She is a registered Zumba instructor, as well as a Canfit Pro trainer, who teaches fitness classes on a weekly basis. Emily practices healthy habits in her own life as well as helps others with their own personal health goals. Emily joined Bel Marra Health as a health writer in 2013.

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