Fibromyalgia incidences are higher in patients with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B infection is a potentially life-threatening illness, which primarily affects the liver and can be acute or chronic. Previous research has revealed higher fibromyalgia rates among those with hepatitis B infection.
For the study, the researchers looked at 118 hepatitis B patients who were divided into three groups: HBV carriers, chronic active HBV patients, and patients who had been treated with antiretroviral therapy for at least three months. Sixty age- and gender-matched healthy individuals were also assessed as a control group.
The serum levels of the liver enzyme aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were found to be much higher in HBV patients – which points to liver damage – compared to the control group. Characteristic fibromyalgia symptoms were also found to be more prevalent among HBV patients.
Further to these findings, the researchers concluded that fibromyalgia incidences are indeed higher among HBV patients and that hepatitis B should be
The researchers concluded that fibromyalgia incidences are indeed higher among HBV patients and that hepatitis B may be considered an independent predictor of the condition.
Hepatitis B treatment and prevention
There is a hepatitis B vaccination for lowering your risk of contracting the virus and developing hepatitis B. If you haven’t been vaccinated and have contracted the HBV, treatment involves antiviral medications, interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) injection, which helps the body fight infections, and – in extreme cases – a liver transplant.
For acute hepatitis B infection, your doctor may not prescribe any formal treatment and only recommend hydration and nutrition to help your body fight off the infection.
Hepatitis B can be transmitted person to person, especially through sexual contact. Always practice safe sex if you are infected, and be open with your partner about your infection. Furthermore, never share IVs, needles, toothbrushes, or razor blades.
The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting vaccinated. Other prevention tips for hepatitis B include:
- Be aware of your partner’s HBV status prior to sexual intercourse
- Use a new condom every time
- Don’t use illicit drugs
- Be cautious of body piercing and tattoos
By following these prevention tips, you can lower your risk of contracting hepatitis B.