Eating More Plant-Based Food Reduces the Risk of Developing Diabetes

According to new research, people who consume more of a plant-based diet have a reduced risk of developing diabetes. The study published in the Journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes found that healthy plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and coffee, are associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and can help support diabetes prevention.

Type 2 diabetes poses a significant threat to health globally. The prevalence of the disease in adults has more than tripled in less than two decades. There are numerous complications associated with type 2 diabetes, including cardiovascular disease and damage to the microvascular system, including the kidneys, eyes, and the nervous system.


Diabetes is primarily caused by unhealthy diets, obesity, genetic predisposition, and other lifestyle factors such as a lack of exercise. Previous research has found that plant-based diets have been associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood.

For this study, the team analyzed blood plasma samples and dietary intake of 10,684 participants. Each participant was required to complete a food frequency questionnaire to score their adherence to one of three plant-based diets: an overall plant-based index (PDI), a healthy plant-based diet index (hPDI), and an unhealthy plant-based index (uPDI).

Healthy plant-based foods included whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, tea/coffee, and vegetable oils. Unhealthy plant-based foods included refined grains, potatoes, fruit juices, sugar-sweetened beverages, and sweets/desserts.

Researchers found that participants who did not develop type 2 diabetes had a higher intake of healthy plant-based foods and higher scores for PDI and hPDI. Participants also had a lower average BMI and were more likely to have lower rates of high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. They were also less likely to use blood pressure and cholesterol drugs, had less family risk of diabetes, and were more physically active.


Professor Frank Hu explained the mechanics behind the findings saying, “While it is difficult to tease out the contributions of individual foods because they were analyzed together as a pattern, individual metabolites from consumption of polyphenol-rich plant foods like fruits, vegetables, coffee, and legumes are all closely linked to healthy plant-based diet and lower risk of diabetes.” 

New Insights

This study helps to support the beneficial role of healthy plant-based diets and provides new insights for future investigation into the prevention of diabetes. Eating the right foods and getting plenty of essential vitamins and nutrients is vital for preventing and managing blood sugar levels and diabetes.

Health Blood Sugar Support is an excellent way to provide comprehensive support for healthy blood sugar and overall health. It has been shown in human clinical studies to help support blood sugar metabolism, help maintain healthy blood sugar balance, and help to promote healthy cholesterol and glucose levels that are already within the normal range.

Author Bio

Sarah began her interest in nutritional healing at an early age. After going through health problems and becoming frustrated with the conventional ways doctors wanted to treat her illness (which were not working), she took it upon herself to find alternative treatments. This led her to revolutionize her own diet to help her get healthier and tackle her health problems. She began treating her illness by living a more balanced lifestyle through healthy food choices, exercise and other alternative medicine such as meditation. This total positive lifestyle change led her to earn a diploma in Nutritional Therapy from Health Sciences Academy in London, England. Today, Sarah enjoys helping others by teaching healthy lifestyle changes through her personal consultations and with her regular contributions to the Doctors Health Press. Also, passionate about following her dreams in life, Sarah moved to France and lived in Paris for over 5 years where she earned a certification in beadwork and embroidery from Lesage (an atelier owned by Chanel). She then went on to be a familiar face sitting front row and reporting from Paris Fashion Week. Sarah continues to practice some of the cultural ways of life she learned while in Europe. They enjoy their food, and take the time to relax and enjoy many of life’s little moments. These are life lessons she is glad to have brought back home with her.