In multiple sclerosis patients, osteoporosis and low bone density are common in the early stages of the disease. Osteoporosis is normally a condition that comes with age. It is characterized by the bone density loss, which increases the risk of bone fractures. Aside from age, other factors, too, increase the risk of osteoporosis, like smoking, caffeine consumption, and lack of calcium and vitamin D.
Study author Stine Marit Moen said, “We’ve known that people who have had MS for a long time are at a greater risk of low bone density and broken bones, but we didn’t know whether this was happening soon after the onset of MS and if it was caused by factors such as their lack of exercise due to lack of mobility, or their medications, or reduced vitamin D from lack of sun exposure.”
Extensive research has established a connection between low vitamin D levels and an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS). Vitamin D is crucial for bone health as it helps the absorption of calcium, which is also necessary for strong bones. Moen added, “Our hypothesis was that if vitamin D exerts a major effect on the risk of MS, then the effects of low vitamin D levels on bone density would be apparent soon after the onset of MS.”
The study consisted of 99 people, all diagnosed with multiple sclerosis or clinically isolated syndrome – a condition where a person has had an episode of multiple sclerosis, but has not yet been diagnosed.
Bone density was measured on average 1.6 years after MS symptoms presented. Bone density tests were compared with that of 159 control persons matched for age and gender.
Moen concluded, “These results suggest that people in the early stages of MS and their doctors need to consider steps to prevent osteoporosis and maintain good bone health. This could include changing their diet to ensure adequate vitamin D and calcium levels, starting or increasing weight-bearing activities, and taking medications.”
Celiac disease increases the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. The findings were presented at the EULAR 2011 Annual Congress, where researchers announced that celiac disease patients have a 4.5 times greater risk of developing osteoporosis, compared to healthy individuals of the same age and gender.
The study compared bone mineral density (BMD) loss in two physical locations in the body in 1,030 people. The researchers found that the lumbar spine BMD in celiac disease patients was significantly different in comparison to the control group. The femoral neck bone mineral density, however, was not found to be significantly different than the control group. Continue reading…
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones. Individuals with osteoporosis experience bone density loss, making bones more fragile and prone to fractures. Osteoporosis typically affects women more than men, but being female isn’t the only risk factor.
Other risk factors for osteoporosis include being older in age, being Caucasian or Asian, bone structure, body weight, family history, history of broken bones, cigarette smoking, caffeine consumption, certain diseases and medications. However, two risk factors often overlooked are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Continue reading…