Changes in vision are most common through age, but there are other causes of vision loss that are not a result of growing older. Here are four common eye conditions which can occur at any age that you should be aware of so that you can reduce your risk of vision loss.
4 Causes of Vision Loss That Are Not Age-Related
Corneal ulcer: Corneal ulcers are open sores on the clear tissue that covers your eye. Common causes of corneal ulcers include bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, which result from poor hygiene such as sleeping with contacts, wearing contacts too long, not properly cleaning contacts, or any other habits which can cause germs to enter the eye.
Diabetic macular edema: Having uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to the eyes as the excess sugar in the body can damage blood vessels which supply blood to the retina. If these blood vessels leak, it can cause the macula to swell which causes vision loss. Treatments for diabetic macular edema include injections, surgery, and corticosteroids. It’s also important that you implement lifestyle changes to better control diabetes.
Dry eyes: Dry eye is a common complaint among those who stare at screens for prolonged periods of time due to lack of blinking. It’s important that you blink often, use drops when necessary, and change your stare. Using a humidifier can also help keep the air moist to reduce the risk of dry eyes.
Refractive errors: Refractive errors include nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia. These conditions reduce your ability to focus and result in squinting to improve vision. These conditions can be easily treated with corrective lenses. Without treating your condition, you could cause eye strain which can lead to headaches and eye pain.