“Low-Value” Medical Tests and Procedures about In America

Written by Mat Lecompte
Published on

“Low-Value” Medical Tests and Pr...

At what point does the best quality care lose its value?

That’s a question a new report by the American Heart Association (AHA) has attempted to answer. These days, there are several diagnostic tests and procedures that can offer plenty of information to both patients and doctors. But are they worth it?

Just because humans can do something doesn’t necessarily mean they should. And the AHA is saying that Americans are receiving too many heart tests and treatments that don’t really do anything.

And all these potentially useless tests can lead to plenty of stress, time, money spent, and more invasive testing that compounds the stress, time, and money.

“Low-value” medical care is a longstanding issue. AHA data suggest that about half of Americans will receive at least one of these tests or procedures every year. They also account for about 30 percent of annual health care spending in the country.


Low value span various fields, but when it comes to heart procedures, the AHA identifies:

  • Annual stress tests for people who have had angioplasty or surgery to clear blocked arteries
  • Echocardiograms to assess people who have fainted but show no signs or symptoms of heart problems
  • Coronary calcium tests for people already known to have heart disease

So, what can you do? You can ask your doctor why you needed these tests. And it’s not that these tests are inherently low-value. They are, however, not necessary for certain cohorts.

Why do doctors keep doing them? There are a few reasons. One is that doctors continue to apply outdated best practices. These tests may have seemed great 15 years ago, but new data gathered since shows otherwise.

Financial motives may be in play as well. More testing means more services to charge patients for.

Lastly, patients can also play a role. Sometimes they demand unnecessary tests or treatments, and their caregiver obliges.

In any event, it’s a good idea to educate yourself about what specific tests are for and if you need one. Talk to your doctor and ask their opinion, and, of course, why you may need a particular assessment or treatment.


On any matter relating to your health or well-being, please check with an appropriate health professional. No statement herein is to be construed as a diagnosis, treatment, preventative, or cure for any disease, disorder or abnormal physical state. The statements herein have not been evaluated by the Foods and Drugs Administration or Health Canada. Dr. Marchione and the doctors on the Bel Marra Health Editorial Team are compensated by Bel Marra Health for their work in creating content, consulting along with formulating and endorsing products.