Urosepsis is a combination of medical terms urology, the function of the urinary system, and sepsis, a life-threatening bacterial infection. Urosepsis is a severe infection that is localized in the urinary tract and has the potential to be fatal.
The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The job of the kidneys is to filter blood, extracting all waste products from the urine. When an infection of this system occurs, it can lead to many of the symptoms associated with a urinary tract infection. If it is not remedied in a prompt manner, the infection may travel up the urinary tract to the kidney. This leads to further infection and the development of urosepsis, which is when the infection reaches the bloodstream.
It is known that infections of the urinary tract occur when an infectious organism travels up the urethra. Women more commonly face urinary tract infections as a result, owing to their shorter urethras compared to men. If a urinary tract infection were to spread into the blood, urosepsis has occurred. The following are specific causes leading to the condition:
While not direct causes, certain conditions can cause urinary tract infections, leading to urosepsis. They are:
Prior to development, the typical signs and symptoms of a urinary tract infection are experienced. They may be:
When the symptoms get out of hand and spread, it can lead to the development of urosepsis. This life-threatening condition can present with the following symptoms:
Sepsis patients are considered to be in critical status. Much of the treatment focuses on early recognition of symptoms to improve outcomes. Treatment is often dependent on time and typically includes supportive measures and the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Eradicating the bacterial infection is the main objective in of treatment.
Typical management of urosepsis involves the following treatment: