Unlike kidney stones, which are solid stone-like forms, kidney cysts are fluid-filled pouches. Although a kidney cyst is generally non-cancerous and harmless, some of them can be associated with kidney disorders which can lead to complications.
There are two different types of kidney cyst: polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and simple kidney cysts. PKD is a genetic disorder with an unknown cause.
The exact cause of kidney cysts is not fully understood. One theory suggests the kidney cyst develops due to a weak spot on the kidney (diverticulum). The pouch fills with fluid, detaches and thus becomes a cyst.
Another theory believes kidney cysts may be caused due to an obstruction of the tubules, which are related to the collection of urine.
Often, simple kidney cysts are symptomless but if the cyst grows large enough you may encounter the following symptoms:
Generally, you don’t have to worry too much about kidney cysts unless they begin to irritate you. There are home remedies which you can partake in to naturally treat the kidney cyst.
For starters, try and stick with a low-sodium diet. Kidneys play a large role in the removal of excess fluid from the body. When you consume high amounts of sodium your body begins retaining fluid, adding stress on to the kidneys.
Avoid high sodium foods such as canned foods, table salt, seafood and cured meat.
A low-fat and high-fiber diet is also helpful as a kidney cyst natural treatment. This style of eating can reduce blood pressure, impacting the kidneys and minimizing complications associated with PKD.
Furthermore, you will want to reduce your protein intake as well. Protein can be quite taxing on the kidneys and make them work much harder. In some cases a cyst can cause damage to the kidney, so the kidney will have difficulties expelling the waste.
Protein-rich foods to avoid include meat, fish, eggs, chicken, turkey, milk, yogurt, cheese and cream.
If natural remedies do not work and medical intervention is required, there are a few treatment options for kidney cysts. The cysts may be punctured and drained and filled with alcohol. The alcohol solution prevents reforming of the cysts.
Surgery is also a treatment option as a means to remove the cyst; however, if you are not experiencing symptoms, a kidney cyst generally doesn’t require treatment.
Diagnosis of kidney cysts involves looking at a patient’s medical history along with their family one, running blood and urine tests, ultrasound and CT scan, and gene linkage analysis.
You should see a doctor as soon as you experience symptoms of kidney cysts and you should also make an appointment with your doctor if you have a history of polycystic kidney disease.