The findings were published in The Journal of Neuroscience from researchers at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine.
Researchers found that alcohol causes alterations to the neuronal morphology in the dorsomedial striatum – the part of the brain responsible for goal-directed behaviors. Researchers suggest that by blocking this activity they can help those with alcoholism reduce their intake. Alcohol stimulates neurons – D1 or D2 – which make them more excitable with less stimulation. This in turn makes the individual want to consume more alcohol and crave it.
The changes to D1 can be related to physical changes at a sub-cellular level. Researchers believe by suppressing activity to the neurons they can suppress the need for excessive alcohol consumption. Researchers wish to continue to understand how addiction works in order to stop or prevent it.
Maybe you enjoy a glass of alcohol with a meal, or every night, but does this mean you suffer from alcoholism? It is then important to understand the signs and symptoms of alcoholism in order to receive help to combat the illness. Signs and symptoms of alcoholism include:
The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism has defined drinking levels based on low to high risk of alcoholism, they are:
Binge drinking: Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is 0.08 g/dl. Defined as four drinks in women and five drinks in men within two hours.
Heavy drinking: Five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days within 30 days.
Low risk for developing alcohol use disorder: Women consume no more than three drinks on a single day and no more than seven a week. Men consume no more than four drinks on a single day and no more than 14 a week. Problems can still arise if alcohol is consumed quickly or there are other medical conditions present.
Excessive alcohol consumption can have temporary and long-term effects on the body, impairing both safety and health. Effects of excess alcohol consumption on the body include:
Of course, the easiest way to prevent excess alcohol consumption is to stop or avoid drinking but this can be quite difficult. Here is how you can better prevent excess alcohol consumption.
To treat alcoholism, it is important to make necessary lifestyle changes which will promote healthier living and the reduction of alcohol consumption. Natural ways to treat alcoholism include:
Alcoholism is a serious illness which can jeopardize a person’s relationships as well as their own life. Seeking appropriate treatment can help an individual overcome their addiction and dependency to alcohol and ensure they continue to live a healthy life.
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